DENTAL IMPLANT – THE BASICS
FEATURES OF THE DENTAL IMPLANT
The dental implant is basically a screw which replaces the root of the lost tooth.
The role of dental implant is to support dental restorative pieces (crowns, bridges or special dentures on implants) or orthodontic anchoring systems. The dental implant supports a porcelain tooth (crown on implant), or together with other implants, a dental restorative piece (bridge on implants), which replaces several extracted teeth.
The dental implant is inserted into the bone, where the process of bone integration begins (osseointegration), which is the fusion of the surface of the implant with the bone around it.
Titanium is the material of modern implants. A dental implant’s surface had been specially treated. This treatment ensures the adherence of the bone structure to the surface of the tooth, a process known as bone integration.
CONSULTATION-CLINICAL AND PARA CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS
In choosing the right dental implant, we take into account the general state and local factors. We need digital retroalveolar x-rays, panoramic x-rays, 3D CT scans, in order to identify the major anatomical structures and their relationship with the future implant. The shape, size and bone density of the area where the implant will be inserted and its ideal position can only be identified using maxillary CT scans. Embarking on implant treatments without reliable computer scans is a losing scenario for the patient.
Our clinic has an in-house high fidelity CT scanner. A rigorous planning of the steps is highly important and saves us from bad surprises, by improving the success rate.
BONE INSERTION SURGERY
This is done using a local anesthetic. Inhalosedation is a very useful method, enhancing the effects of the anesthetic. You also have the general anesthetic option, but we only recommend it in extraordinary circumstances. After the anesthetic has settled, we then make a small incision on the gums, in order the clear the access to the bone. The next step is to drill a whole into the bone, using a special disposable dental drill which prevents the bone from heating during the procedure. The NSK physio dispenser is a bone drilling machine which constantly releases a cooling wave of saline solution, with adjustable power indifferent of the resistance it meets or the control of the speed.
The dental implant is inserted into the bone and the incision is sutured.
HEALING AND BONE INTEGRATION
The bone integration process can vary in length, since the development of healthy and strong bone tissue, capable of supporting a porcelain dental restorative piece depends on many factors. The area surrounding the implant must benefit from a quality gum tissue, in order to ensure a natural look. The gums may also require microsurgery.
THE RATE OF SUCCESS FOR IMPLANTS
This depends a great deal on the quality of materials used (dental implants, artificial bone, barrier membranes), but also a good local hygiene. In lack of periodical hygiene visits, the risk of infections in the area surrounding the implant is higher and may result in damages to the adjacent tissue. The patient needs to continue a good hygiene at home.
Protect your investment! In LLL Dental practice, the success rate of implants is 99.8% for primary integration!